Criminology (from Latin crīmen, “accusation” originally derived from the Ancient Greek verb “krino” “κρίνω”, and Ancient Greek -λογία, -logy|-logia, from “logos” meaning: “word,” “reason,” or “plan”), is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on the individual and social levels. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioral and social sciences, drawing especially upon the research of sociologists, psychologists, philosophers, psychiatrists, social anthropologists, as well as scholars of law.
As the name suggests, Criminology is directly referring to the crime. Forensic science is only the part of criminology. It is one of the challenging fields as the crime is increasing day by day in various countries. Criminology develops theories for explaining crime as a social phenomenon.
A criminologist’s job responsibilities involve analyzing data to determine why the crime was committed and to find ways to predict and prevent further criminal behavior.
Career Scope in Criminology:
- There is a good job opportunity in the field of criminology.
- This field has various offers for the scientist, research assistant, criminologist, forensic scientist and an investigator.
- Once you have completed a course in this field, you can opt job in various areas such as Forensic Department, Police, Research area, Medical Hospitals, CBI, Court, FBI, Crime Laboratories, Private Hospitals, Colleges, Institutions, MNCs (legal matters), Prison Reforms Programs and many others.
- You may be the professor in a college or the university or you may be the professional in the legal study or the judiciary member.
Skills Required to become a Criminologist
- Analytical Skills
- Data Collection
- Crime Techniques
- Criminal Behaviour
- Research Skills
- Knowledge of Computers
- Investigative skills
- Observation skills.
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects in Criminology
- Private detectives
- Crime investigators
- Crime scene analyst
- Crime laboratory analyst
- F.B.I. agents
- Forensic surgeon
- Forensic engineer
- Police officers
- Crime intelligence analyst
- Community corrections coordinator
- Law reform researcher
- Regional crime prevention coordinator
- Consumer advocate
- Drug policy advisor
- Environment protection analyst
Admission Requirements for the study of Criminology in Nigeria
The O’level subject combination and requirements needed to study Criminology;
Five SSCE credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Economics and any two of Arts or Social Science subjects.
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Criminology under the Faculty of Social & Management Sciences in the above Universities include;
» Economics, Mathematics and any of Government, History, Geography, Lit-in-English, French and CRK/IRK.
SOME INSTITUTIONS WHERE YOU CAN STUDY CRIMINOLOGY
- • Caleb University • Chrisland University • Federal University, Dutse • University of Ilorin • University of Jos